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Sheffield, Yorkshire, England
Local Villages include
Hathersage, Grindleford, Edale,
Castleton, Eyam, Bakewell, South Pennines
Tinsley, Carbrook, Darnall, Handsworth
Heeley, Woodhouse, Stannington, Walkley
Grimesthrope, Highfield, Gleadless, Norton
Greenhill, Crookes, Crookesmoor, Fulwood
Founded in the 12th century, the early days of Sheffield included both a castle with a moat and a church. A town grew up around these two buildings and the castle’s garrison was used as a marketplace for the nearly 200 locals. In 1297, the town was given its charter and began its weekly fair and yearly fair. Wool was one of the first industries in Sheffield.
In the 14th century, cutlery became popular work in town, but there was other work to be had including baking, carpentry, blacksmithing, shoemaking, and brewing. The 16th and 17th centuries brought a population of over 2,200. By the late 17th century, the town had blossomed into nearly 5,000 people with even more trades such as smiths for file, scythe, sickle, woolshears and awl-blades.
In 1768, a local survey showed the town had double in a the last century and was noted to be a dirty, industrial town. In the 18th century, iron, steel and silver helped the town’s economy to grow.
In the 19th century, the town grew quite large with over 135,000 people and they began to clean up their act including improving housing, sanitation and by hiring a police force.
In 1900 the population had reached over 400,000, mainly due to the town’s expanding borders. Sheffield University was founded, as well as the town’s first cinema. Today Sheffield is a hi-tech leader in the manufacturing world with over 500,000 people.
Millenium Galleries – work of past and current craftsmen, artists and designers.
Winter Garden – conservatory made from glass and wood with a coffee bar, information stall.
Peace Gardens – located in the middle of Sheffield with fountains and grassed areas.
Graves Gallery – art gallery displaying European, Chinese and Islamic artwork.
Tudor Square – center of Sheffield’s main attractions including a huge theatre complex, Central Library, and an entrance to the Winter Gardens.
Norfolk Heritage Trail – signed route passing by many historical sites and open spaces connected to the history of the dukedoms of Norfolk. It is 2 ¾ miles long and mostly downhill.
Sheffield Botanical Gardens – Victorian gardens designed by the mastermind of the Crystal Palace.
Kelham Island Museum – focuses on industrial history of Sheffield including a rolling mill engine.
Sheffield Ski Village – world skiing destination and home to the largest artificial slope on the continent.
Culture and Leisure
Sheffield has a thriving entertainment industry with a theatre complex in Tudor Square. Many well received films are based in town including The Full Monty, Threads, and Whatever Happened to Harold Smith? Music is big here and the three main venues for sounds are City Hall, the Sheffield Arena, and Carling Academy. There are plenty of smaller venues as well including The Plug, the Boardwalk, and Crucible Theatre.
The Sheffield Comedy Festival happens every October and is the largest in England. The Sheffield International Documentary Festival is a draw for the movie industry as Summer Sounds is the pick for music lovers. Every Halloween, the city decks out for Fright Night, a huge Halloween party in Britain. Open Up Sheffield is for artists and craftsmen to show off their hard work.
For shopping, Meadowhall is great for serious shoppers with its huge selection of shops and mall like atmosphere. Devonshire Quarter is for those seeking designer boutiques and upscale dining. Ecclesall Road is another option but on a more affordable scale and is a hot spot for students and those seeking familiar shopping experiences. For more bargain wares, The Moor is great for handy items you can afford or check on London and Abbeydale Road for unique furnishings and diverse dining.
The Sheffield City Council handles tourism for the area and is a great resource for finding out more about the area’s attractions, events, shopping, lodging, and sports.
Visitors Centre/Tourist Information Centre
The Sheffield Tourist Information Centre is located in Tudor Square. The centre is packed with helpful information on planning, transportation, attractions, dining and more.
Walking is a great way to see all of Sheffield and can be adapted according to your interests, be it a historic, scenic or nature walk. The Sheffield Round Walk starts in Endcliffe Park and does a complete loop through Limb Valley, Ecclesall Woods, Graves Park, and a few other parks before landing back in Endcliffe. There is also the Trans Pennine Trail that links the North and Irish seas.
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